Introduction
Background
Methods
Results
Discussion
Interactive
Bibliography
Bibliography: references for lichenology and lichenometry

Armstrong, R. 2004. Lichens, lichenometry and global warming. Microbiologist Online, September.

Benedict, J.B. 1975. The Murray Site: A late prehistoric game drive system in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. Plains Anthropologist. 20: 169-174.

Beschel, R. E. 1961. Dating rock surfaces by lichen growth and its application to glaciology and physiography (lichenometry). Geology of the Arctic II. 1st Intentional Proceedings, Arctic Geology. G.O. Rasch, ed.: 1044-1062. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Brehmer Foyer, M.1973. Lichenometrical photography in the Kebnekaise Mountains, Swedish Lapland. Arctic and Alpine Research 5, 4: 321-322.

Brink, N.W.T.1973. Lichen growth in West Greenland. Arctic and Alpine Research, 5, 4: 323-331.

Broadbent, N. D. and Bergqvist, K. I. 1986. Lichenometric chronology and archaeological features on raised beaches: Preliminary results from the Swedish North Bothnian Coastal Region. Arctic and Alpine Research, 18, 3: 297-306.

Elix, J.A and McCarthy, P.M. 1998. Catalogue of the lichens of the smaller Pacific Island. Bibliotheca Lichenologica, 70:1-361.

Follmann, G.1961. Estudios liquenometrics en los monumentos prehistoricos de la Isla de Pascua, Rev. Universitaria (Univ. Catolica de Chile) 46: 49-154.

Feurer, T., ed. 2006. Checklist of lichens and lichenicolous fungi. Version 20 January 2006. http://www.checklists.de

Hale, M.E. 1973. The Biology of Lichens. London. Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd.

Harrison, S and Winchester, V. 2000. Arctic and Antarctic Alpine Research. 32:55-63.

Hawksworth, D.L. & Rose, F. 1976. Lichens as Pollution Monitors. The Institute of Biology's Studies in Biology no. 66. London. Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd.

Hendrichson, J.R. and Weber, W.A. 1964. Lichens on Galapagos Giant Tortoises. Science.144: 1463.

Henriquez, J. M. and N. Caamano. 2002. Lichenometric studies in the glacier Nueva Zelandia, Tierra del Fuego: Preliminary Data. Anales Instituto Patagonia, Serie Cs Nat (Chile). 30: 41-48.

Innes, J.L. 1985. Lichenometry. Prog Phys Geog 9, 187 - 254.

Innes, J.L. 1985. An examination of some factors affecting the largest lichens on a substrate. Arctic and Alpine Research 17, 1: 99-106.

Jochimsen, M.1973. Does the size of lichen thalli really constitute a valid measure for dating glacial deposits? Arctic and Alpine Research 5, 4: 417-424.

Joubert, J.J., Kriel, W.C. and Wessels, D.C.J. 1983. Lichenometry: Its potential application to archaeology in Southern Africa. The South African Archaeological Society Newsletter. 6 (1).

Martinsson-Wallin, H. 1994. Ahu - The Ceremonial Stone Structures of Easter Island: Analysis of Variation and Interpretation of Meanings. AUN 19. Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis, Uppsala.

Matthews, J.A. 1994. "Lichenometric dating: A Review with particular reference to 'Little Ice Age' moraines in southern Norway". In Dating in Exposed and Surface Contexts. Charlotte Beck et al. University of New Mexico Press.

McCarthy, D. P. 1999. A biological basis for lichenometry. Journal of Biogeography, 26: 379-386.

McCarthy, D. P. 2003. Estimating Lichenometric Ages by Direct and Indirect Measurement of Radial Growth: A case study of Rhizocarpon agg. At the Illecillewaet Glacier, British Columbia. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research .35, 2: 203-213.

McCarthy, P.M. 2000. The lichens of Raratonga, Cook Islands, South Pacific Ocean I: Pyrenocarpous taxa. Lichenologist 32(1): 15-47.

Métraux, A. 1940. Ethnology of Easter Island. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 160.

Mulloy, W. 1961. The Ceremonial Center of Vinapu. In The Archaeology of Easter Island. T. Heyerdahl and E. N. Ferdon Jr. Santa Fe, Monographs of the School of American Research and the Museum of New Mexico, Number 24, Part 1: 93-180.

Passos, J.D. 1971. Easter Island: Island of Enigmas. Garden City, New York. Doubleday & Co.

Purvis, O. W., L. Erotokritou, P. A. Wolseley, B. Williamson, and H. Read. 2002. Pp337-341. In: P.L. Nimis, C. Scheidegger and P.A. Wolseley (eds). Monitoring with Lichens - Monitoring Lichens. Netherlands. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Routledge, K. 1919. The Mystery of Easter Island. 1998 Edition. USA. Adventures Unlimited Press.

Skottsberg, C. 1956. Derivation of the flora and fauna of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island. In: C. Skottsberg, ed.: 415-416. The Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, Vol I.

Tratebas, A. M. and F. Chapman. 1996. Ethical and conservation issues in removing lichens from petroglyphs. Rock Art Research 13, 2: 129-131.

Webber, D.J. and J. J. Andrews. 1973. Lichenometry: a commentary. Arctic and Alpine Research 5: 295-302.

Winchester, V. 2004. Lichenometry. Encyclopedia of geomorphology.. A S. Goudie, ed.:619-620. Place of publication? Routledge.

Winchester, V. and R. K. Chaujar. 2002. Lichenometric dating of slope movements, Nant Ffrancon, North Wales, UK. Geomorphology 47: 61-74.

Winchester, V. and S. Harrison. 2000. Dendrochronology and lichenometry: colonization, growth rates and dating of geomorphological events on the east side of the North Patagonian Icefield, Chile. Geomorphology 34: 181-194.

Wolseley, P.A. 1995. A Global Perspective on the Status of Lichens and their Conservation. In: Conservation Biology of Lichenised Fungi. Scheidegger, C. Thor, G. and Wolseley, P.A. (eds). Birmensdorf: Eidgenoss Forschungfanfthalt fur Wald.

Zahlbruckner, A. 1926. Die Flechten der Osterinsel. C. Skottsberg, ed.:449-469. The Natural History of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island. Vol II.